Gout is a disease that has been recorded since antiquity, and it is also one that has no simple cure. Since gout is related to the uric acid levels in the blood, and since those levels are difficult to change save for through changes in diet and through various medications that also reduce these levels, it is a lengthy procedure to eliminate gout altogether.
The first line of defense when attempting to treat gout is a properly designed diet. Because those afflicted with gout tend to be overweight, a low-calorie diet is necessary to reduce the effects of excess fat on the body’s physiology. The diet should eliminate red meats, seafood, and other foods that are high in what are known as purines (purines contribute to a higher level of uric acid in the blood). Alcohol should also be avoided, as this aggravates gout symptoms. Following these guidelines should lower the frequency of gout attacks, which are the most debilitating feature of the disease.
Medication exists to treat gout, but should be taken in conjunction with a healthy diet and after consulting with your physician. These medications include drugs that help kidneys process uric acid, those that break up and eliminate uric acid, as well as uric acid inhibitors. NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) are available as a cream to alleviate the swelling and soreness that can occur during an acute arthritic attack. Common over-the-counter pain medication like ibuprofen can be taken as well, though other drugs such as acetaminophen should be avoided as these can worsen symptoms.
Though it is impossible to say whether a gout treatment program that includes a well-balanced diet and medication will cure the disease, it is safe to say that it will greatly reduce the frequency with which gout attacks occur. Over time, these measure will allow for far greater quality of life, and also puts the individual at less risk for other conditions related to obesity, such as cardiovascular conditions.